Action see Aketon
Ailette Rectangular pieces of leather, plate, or parchment worn diagonally from the helm to the shoulders in the 13th c., often painted with heraldic designs.
Aketon A padded coat-like garment worn under armor
Anime A cuirass of horizontal lames.
Annealing Various techniques by which metal is made softer. With steel, this involves heating the piece to red hot and allowing it to cool slowly.
Antebrachia see Vambrace.
Antela see Poitrel.
Antia The handle of a buckler.
Anvil A tool used in armouring. Generally a large and heavy item of steel, with one or two horn-shaped projections and a flat top. Often features hardie and pritchel holes, to hold additional tools and form stock, respectively.
Arest de Lance Vamplate, later the lance-rest.
Armes a l'epreuve Pistol-proof armour.
Armet A close-fitting helmet with hinged jugulars [cheekplates] and movable visor.
Armil see Surcoat.
Arming Cap see Arming bonette
Arming Coat see Arming Doublet.
Arming Doublet Doublet worn under plate armour.
Arming Hose Long hose worn under leg armour.
Arming Points Laces for tying on parts of plate armour.
Arming-bonett A padded cap worn under the helmet.
Armkachen (German) see Elbow Cop.
Armourer's Mark A stamped symbol used to mark the armour with the identify of its creator.
Armure Cannelee (French) Fluted armour.
Arret de lance see Lance Rest.
Arret (French) Small decorated tabs used on straps for armour and horse furniture.
Arriere Bras (French) see Rerebrace.
Articulation Any point in armor where two plates are riveted either together or to a backing and intended to allow movement to another position, all the while protecting the wearer.
Asbergo A breastplate or cuirass, a vamplate.
Avance (French) The front peak of the burgonet.
Avant plat see Vamplate.
Avant-bras see Vambrace.
Aventail Curtain of mail hung from a helm to protect the neck and face.
Backplate Plate armour defense for the back
Bacul Crupper or horse trappings.
Bacyn see Bascinet.
Bainbergs Shin defences of metal or cuir bouilly.
Bakhteretz (or Bekhter) Small rectangular plates overlapping vertically and horizontally connected with Maille.
Balayn Whalebone used for crests or the swords for tournaments.
Baldrick An ornamental belt, and/or one to carry a sword, worn over one shoulder and the opposite hip.
Banded Maille Maille with with leather thongs through it for solidity. Alternative descriptions, as an armour of rings sewn onto fabric, do not appear to have documentation, nor even to be practical/possible.
Bandes see Lames.
Barbotto see Bevor.
Barbute A helm of one piece covering the entire head and flaring over the upper neck, but leaving a varying amount of the face uncovered. Also called a Venetian sallet.
Barding Horse armour.
Bargrill A modern adaptation to open faced helms to allow for their safe use in SCA style combat. A small number of period images indicate that a very few helms may have had a similar construct.
Barriers The division of wood which separated combatants in foot tourneys.
Barthaube (German) Chin guard of plate.
Bascinet A light helmit of ovoid form tapering to a point at the summit.
Bascuette see Bascinet.
Batticuli Taces or loin guards of plate.
Bazuband (Persian) A single main plate covering the outside of the forearm up to and including the elbow generally with one or more minor plates to cover the inside of the forearm.
Beintaschen (German) see Tassets.
Beinzeug (German) see Cuissard.
Besagues Small plates to protect the armpits.
Bevor The chin piece associated with many styles of helm, particularly the sallet and close helm.
Bickiron Small anvil.
Bicoquet A type of bascinet with neck and chin piece.
Bishop's Mantle A cape of maille.
Blacon A buckler.
Blanc Haubert (French) coat of maille.
Blueing An oxidized blue surface on iron/steel, to protect against rust.
Boss A raised, usually round metal feature, usually corresponding to the location of the hand behind a shield.
Botte Cassee (French) Armour proof against all weapons (high proof).
Botton A button or buckle for fastening the gorget to the breast plate.
Bouche The hole cut in the corner of the shield through which to point the lance; also a circular hole in the vamplate.
Bourlet (French) A coif.
Bourrelet (French) A method of attaching two plates together sliding in burrs or slots.
Bracciaiuola (Italian) A small shield with arm-guard and "sword breaker" all in one piece.
Bracer A leather wrist-guard used by archers of the long bow.
Brasalot see Elbow Cop.
Brassard The whole arm-defence, including vambrace, elbow cop, and rerebrace.
Brasselet see Bracer.
Breastplate Plate armour protection for the front of the torso, down to the waist. see also Plackart
Breaths Holes or slits in the visor of the helmet or the lames of a falling buff or bevor, for ventilation and in some cases, additional visibility.
Brechrander (German) Neck guards on pauldrons.
Bretelles Straps for joining breast and back pieces.
Brigandine A body defence of small plates riveted to a cover and lining of fabric. In discussions of non-European armours, the term if often used to describe a Coat of Plates with plates inside.
Brochiero A small buckler used for sword and buckler fights.
Broigne A shirt of maille.
Brujula (Spanish) see Visor.
Brustschild mit schonbart (German) A tilting breastplate with mentoniere.
Brygandyrons see Brigandine.
Buckler A small round shield carried primarily by infantry.
Buffa The buffe or face plate of a burgonet.
Bufle A coat of buff leather.
Burgonet A light, open helmet, generally found with ear flaps and sometimes a face guard, XVI-XVII cent.
Bycocket A mid 15th c. helm resembling two halves of an egg that close together around the wearer's head, with an incorporated neck defense.
Byrnie A coat of maille. The term is generally used to denote a coat of maille with a smaller covered area, like a short t-shirt.
Cabasset A helmet with narrow brim all round, XVI cent.
Calce The vamplate of a lance.
Calote A skull cap worn under the hat by cavalry, XVII cent.
Calva (Spanish) Skull of a helmet.
Camaglio (Italian) see Camail.
Camail See aventail. Also, a hood or tippet of maille, XIV-XV cent.
Cambra see Jambs.
Camisado (Italian) The wearing of white shorts over armour for night attacks.
Cannon The tubular vambrace. This is a later term used in England mostly to represent both the rerebrace and the vambrace.
Capel de nerfs A leather helmet, XIV cent.
Capelina (Italian) A skull cap of steel.
Caperuza (Spanish) see Chapel de Fer.
Cargan A collar or gorget of maille.
Carnet see Visor.
Casque An open helmet, often of classical design, late XVI cent.
Casquetel An open head piece with brim and back peak reaching far down the neck, XVII cent.
Cataffratto A maille clad horse.
Caxeo (Spanish) see Casque.
Celada de engole (Spanish) A helm worn for foot tourney with axe, sword, or spear.
Celata Veneziana (Italian) A Venetian form of sallad with a nose piece, XV cent.
Celata da Incastro (Italian) see Armet.
Celata (Italian) see Sallad.
Cerveliera (Italian) A metal skull cap.
Cesello (Italian) Repousse work used in the decoration of armour.
Chamfron Defence of plate for the horse's head.
Chapel de fer (French) A broad brimmed helmet used from XII to XVI cent.
Charnel The bolt that fixed the tilting helm to the breastplate.
Chastones see Rivet.
Chausses Covering for the leg and foot of maille.
Cherval see Gorget.
Chianetta A helmet.
Ciclaton A tight fitting surcoat shorter in front than in behind, XIV cent.
Cimier The crest on the helm.
Clavel A lace for fastening the coif of maille or the hauberk.
Clavengi Studs to fasten the gorget.
Clavones see Rivet.
Clibanion (Greek) see Lamellar.
Clipeus (Italian) A circular shield.
Clous Perdus (French) False rivet heads found in XVII cent. armour.
Coat of Plates A type of armour made of plates attached to the inside or outside of a garment. Perhaps the most famous European set with internal plates are those found at Wisby, the most famous European reference to external plates would be illustrated in the Romance of Alexander. The earliest set is seen worn by the Chinese Terra Cotta soldiers in aproximately the 4th century BCE - it has external plates. Robinson gives the earliest date for one with internal plates as 6th century China.
Coda di Gambero (Italian) see Lobster Tail.
Codele (Spanish) see Elbow Cop.
Codpiece A piece of plate to protect the groin area.
Coif A hood of maille.
Cold Rolled A term describing a process of fabricating modern steel sheet. The steel is sent through the final rollers cold, minimizing surface scale, and resulting in harder material.
Colet see Gorget.
Colletto A buff coat.
Colodrillo (Spanish) The plate of the helmet that covered the nape of the neck.
Cop A seemingly modern term generalizing both couters and poleyns. Differentiated by saying "elbow cop" or "knee cop". Also (often as COP or CoP) the acronym for "Coat of Plates."
Cophia See coif.
Coppo (Italian) The skull of a helmet.
Corium Armour composed of leather.
Cotta di Maglia (Italian) A coat of maille.
Cottyngyre A cold chisel.
Couters Elbow pieces of plate.
Couters (corrected) Elbow pieces of plate.
Couvrenuque (French) The neck plate of the back of the armet or sallad.
Crampon A bolt for attaching the helm to the cuirass.
Crest A heraldic device, usually three dimensional, worn on the top of a helm, made of any number of materials, such as feather, parchment, leather, etc.
Cresta (Italian) Crest of a helmet.
Crete echelle A support fixed from helm to back plate to take the shock when tilting.
Crinet Armour for the horse's neck.
Croupiere Armour for the hind part of the horse.
Cubitiera (Italian) see Elbow Cop.
Cuir Bouilli Armour made of hardened and moulded leather.
Cuirass Torso armour, originally of leather, afterwards of plate.
Cuissards Leg armour, comprising of cuisses, knee cops, and jambs.
Cuisses Thigh pieces of plate.
Cyclas A type of tabard or surcote, usually with dagged edges.
Demi-Bascinet Typically a shorter version of the bascinet meant to be worn underneath of a great helm.
Demi-Greave Short plate that hangs from the bottom of either a single piece poleyn or the bottom articulation lame of a leg harness with an articulated knee.
Demi-Poulaine Pointed sollerets of medium length.
Demi-gauntlet Aka half-gauntlet. A rigid or articulated piece of armor for the wrist and the back of the hand, lacking the protection afforded the fingers and thumb by a full gauntlet.
Demy-teste A steel skull cap.
Destrier A war horse.
Dilge (German) Leg guard for the joust.
Dishing A technique by which metal can be formed into bowl shapes. The flat metal is placed over a bowl shaped form of wood, metal, or even nylon, and is struck with a round faced hammer repeatedly until the desired depth/ shape is roughly achieved. See planishing.
Dobble A form on which to raise armour.
Dorso (Italian) The back of a gauntlet.
Dos (Spanish) The back plate of a cuirass.
Ecrevisse (French) see Lobster Tail.
Ecu (French) Shield.
Eisenschuhe (German) see Sollerets.
Elbow Cops Pieces of plate armour to cover the elbow.
Elbow Gauntlet A metal or leather glove with a cuff reaching to the elbow.
Elmo di Giostra (Italian) A tilting helm.
Enarmes The loops for holding a shield.
Epauliere Shoulder defence of plate.
Escarcelas (Spanish) see Tassets.
Escarpes (Spanish) see Sollerets.
Espaldar (Spanish) see Pauldron.
Espuello (Spanish) see Spur.
Estival Leg armour for a horse; only one example of this armour exists, in Brussels.
Etching A technique to embellish metal with patterns and designs, usually done with gravers, but more modernly with acids and resists.
Etrier (French) see Stirrup.
Falda (Italian) see Taces.
Fan Plate The "wing" on the outside of an elbow or knee cop.
Faucre (French) see Lance Rest.
Fauld Armour (usually of horizontal lames) attached to the bottom edge of a breastplate to protect the abdomen.
Fautre (French) Thigh armour.
Federzapfen (German) Spring pins to which the pauldrons were hung, XVI cent.
Fendace A type of gorget, XV cent.
Flaon (French) A wedge fastened to the breast plate which took the shock of the shield.
Flute A crease in metal creating a raised line on the piece.
Freiturnier (German) A joust run without a barrier.
Gadlings Knuckle or finger spikes fixed to the gauntlet.
Galea (Italian) A type of helm.
Galvanized A type of modern steel that has gone through the galvanization process in order to make it rust-resistant.
Gambeson A quilted tunic, worn under maille, or by itself XI cent.
Garde Collet (French) Neck guards on the pauldron.
Garde Faude (French) see Codpiece.
Garde Queue (French) The tail guard of a horse.
Garde-de-bras Reinforcing piece for the left arm, worn while tilting.
Gaudichet (Old French) A coat of maille.
Gefingerte Handschuh (German) Gauntlet with articulated fingers.
Genouillieres Jointed knee pieces of plate.
Gilding A technique to add a thin coat of gold to armor. Normally not used for armors intended for combat.
Glazing wheel Polishing wheel for armour plates.
Gliedschirm (German) see Codpiece.
Godbert see Hauberk.
Goletta (Italian) see Gorget.
Gorget A plate collar to protect the throat.
Gothic A term used to denote armors from Germany and Austria between approximately 1470 and 1490, eventually supplanted by Maxamillian armors. Gothic armors were made from light, fluted plates, in sharp contrast with Italian armors of the time. Gothic harnesses were worn with a sallet.
Grand Guard Reinforcing piece for tilting, worn on the left shoulder.
Great Bascinet An early- to mid- 15th c. improvement on the bascinet. Usually with a subdued or absent point on the top of the helm, a two piece neck plate which rested on the shoulders, and a globose visor.
Great Helm Any of a number of helms which are typically of riveted construction, worn over a maille coif and later even a small bascinet. Normally with small vision slots, although these are normally enlarged for modern combat.
Greave Also schynbald or jamber - plate defence for the lower leg from knee to ankle, initially protecting the front, but later the whole lower leg. Constructed of 2 plates hinged together and shaped to the contours of the muscle.
Guanciali (Italian) Ear flaps of a burgonet.
Guard Chain Chain which linked the breastplate with the sword, daggar, or Great Helm to keep them from being lost in action. Most commonly seen in the 14th Century.
Guardabrazos (Spanish) see Pauldron.
Guardacuore (Italian) see Mentoniere.
Guardagoletta (Italian) The neck guards on the pauldrons.
Guardastanca (Italian) see Grand Guard.
Guardo o Rodillera (Spanish) see Knee Cop.
Guige The strap round the neck to carry the shield, XII cent.
Guiterre (Old French) A small buckler of leather.
Gusset Pieces of maille, tied with points to the arming jacket to cover those portions of the body not protected with plate armour (e.g. the elbow joint).
Haketon see Gambeson.
Halacret see Alacret.
Halsberge (German) see Gorget.
Hardening Various techniques by which metal is made harder. With steel, particularly blades, the basic process is to heat it (to red hot, but specific temperatures are important) and quench it, usually in oil. Metal will also "work harden" as it is hammered, bent, etc.
Harness A term commonly used in reference to a complete set of armor.
Harnischekappe (German) The padded cap worn under the tilting helm.
Harthstake The rake or poker for the forge.
Haubergeon A short shirt of maille.
Hauberk A long shirt of maille.
Hauscol de mailes (French) see Standard of Maille.
Hausse-col (French) see Gorget.
Haustement (French) A close fitting undergarment to which the hose and the chausses were fastened with points.
Haute barde (French) A high-peaked saddle.
Haute cloueure (French) High-proof armour, especially maille.
Heaume A heavy helm without movable visor and only an eye-slit or occularium, mostly used for tilting.
Helm Solid (as opposed to maille) armour for the head.
Hentzen (German) Mitten Gauntlets.
Heraldry A strict system of identification developed in the medieval period, presumably to allow combatants to recognize others in full armor by particular symbols.
Hinterarm (German) see Rerebrace.
Hinterfluge (German) The back-plate of the pauldron.
Hinterschurz (German) see Garde-rein.
Hobilers Common light-horse troopers.
Hoguines see Cuisse.
Hosting harness Armor for war as distinct from that of the joust.
Hot Rolled A term describing the fabrication of modern steel sheet. The steel is sent through the final rollers hot, resulting in much surface scale, but making the steel softer and easer to work.
Hourglass Gauntlet A late 14th/ early 15th c. gauntlet, so named because of the resemblance in shape of the hand plate and cuff to an hourglass.
Hufken A light head-piece worn by archers, XVI cent.
Huque A long surcoat owrn over the armour, XV cent.
Huvette (French) A head piece of leather or cloth, XIV cent.
Imbracciatura (Italian) see Enarmes.
Imbricated Mail see Brigandine.
Jack A shirt of leather, either quilted or reinforced with plates of metal or horn.
Jambeux see Jambs.
Jamboys Skirt of plate.
Jambs Armour for the lower leg.
Jarnac A jointless arm piece of plate reaching from shoulder to wrist.
Jazerant see Brigandine.
Jupon A short surcoat.
Kamfhandschuhe (German) see Gauntlet.
Kamm (German) The crest or ridge of the helmet as distinct from the heraldic crest.
Kastenbrust A tetrahedral breastplate resembling a metal box with a fauld, worn in the early 15th c.
Kehlstuck (German) The neck plate in the front of an armet.
Kettle hat A wide brimmed steel war hat, XIV cent.
Kettyl hat see Kettle Hat
Kinnreff (German) see Bevor.
Knee Cops Knee defences of plate, first worn over maille chausses, and afterwards with complete plate armour.
Kolontar (Russian) An armour of plates attached to each other with maile.
Kragen (German) see Gorget.
Krebs (German) see Tasset.
Lambrequin A hood of cloth attached to the helmet with points, and falling down at the back.
Lamellar An armour of small plates punched and laced to each other with thongs (or the small plates used for such armour)
Lames Narrow strips of steel riveted together, found in articulation.
Lance Rest An adjustable hook or rest fixed on the right side of the breastplate.
Lendenplatte (German) A large cuisse for tilting.
Lobster tail Back of helmet made of overlapping lames like a lobster shell.
Locking Gauntlet A gauntlet of plate in which the finger plates overlap and fasten to a pin on the wrist.
Lorica hamata (pl. loricae hamatae) Modern term for Roman mailshirt, usually mid-thigh length, often with a U-shaped collarpiece attached at the back
Lorica plumata (pl. loricae plumatae) Modern term for Roman armour of small metal scales attached to fine mail
Lorica segmentata (pl. loricae segmentatae) Modern term for Roman military plate armour (early 1st to possibly as late as the middle 3rd century) consisting of curved iron plates articulated on leather straps, with bronze fittings -- most famous examples are the Kalkriese, Corbridge, and Newstead types
Lorica squamata (pl. loricae squamatae) Modern term for Roman scale armour, of small iron or bronze scales sewn onto a fabric backing
Luneta (Spanish) see Rondel.
Mail see Maille
Maille Armor made from interlocking metal rings.
Mainfaire A right hand guantlet.
Mamillieres Circular plates worn over the breast to hold chains to which the sword and dagger were attached, XIV cent.
Manica (pl. manicae) Segmented Roman armguard, made of curved overlapping pieces of iron or bronze, fastened to a leather backing. Used as both military and gladiatorial armour.
Manifer A plate defense for the lower part of the left hand and arm, usually constructed in one piece and designed for the joust.
Manoglia (Italian) The handle of a small buckler.
Manteau d'armes A rigid cape like shield fixed to the left breast and shoulder for tilting.
Maximilian Armour A style of plate armour distinguished by shallow vertical flutings, said to have been devised by the Emperor Maximilian I, XVI cent.
Mentoniere A piece used with the sallad to protect chin and breast.
Milanese A term used sometimes to describe Italian armors of the late 15th c., made of heavier, unfluted plates, contrasting with armors in Germany at the time. Usually worn with a barbute or armet. The name is derived from the armour-producing city of Milan.
Mirrors Small discs worn over the solar plexus and the corresponding part of the back. Sometimes another two are worn at the sides of the body and all four are put together on a leather harness (see also Zertsalo, Chahar Ai Ne).
Mitten Gauntlet A gauntlet in which the fingers are not separate.
Morion Light helmet with crest and inverted crescent brim, latter end of XV cent.
Moton Plates to protect the armpits, especially the right, XIV cent.
Muffler Made of maille, a mitten-like extension of the sleeve of a hauberk with an opening at the wrist so the wearer could remove the 'hand'.
Munitions Armour Mass produced, cheaply made armour for the common soldiery, produced in very large quantities in the 16th century. Modern Definition - Plate armour which has little or no finish work (e.g. polishing) done on it.
Munnions Articulated lames, usually attached to the gorget, protecting the shoulders and upper arms.
Nackenschirm (German) Neck plate at the back of an armet.
Naide see Anvil.
Naitoules An appliance for closing rivets.
Naruch (Russian) see Bazuband - the Russian defense commonly has a less deep main plate than the Persian.
Nasal A bar of steel fixed or movable on the front of the helmet to protect the nose, in more general use during XI cent., revived afterwards in XVII cent.
Negroli, Filipo A VXI century, Milanese armorer known for his fantastic works of sculptured armor.
Neighletts The metal tags of the arming points.
Nowchys Embossed buckles and ornaments for armour, XV cent.
Oberarmzeug (German) see Rerebrace.
Occularium The eye slit in the helm.
Oreillettes Ear pieces found in later forms of the casque and burgonet.
Orle The wreath or twisted scarf worn on the helmet immediately beneath the crest.
Ospergum see Hauberk.
Ottone (Italian) Brass or latten used for edging armour.
Palet A small skull cap of cuir bouilly or steel.
Palettes Circular plates to protect the armpits.
Panache (French) The plume of feathers on the helmet.
Pansier (French) The lower portion of the cuirass when it is formed of two pieces.
Panziera (Italian) see Codpiece.
Parement A surcoat or ceremonial dress of rich fabric.
Parma A small shield or buckler.
Pasguard A reinforcing piece for the left elbow, used in tilting.
Patelet A padded vest worn under armour, XVI cent.
Pauldrons Shoulder pieces of plate.
Pavise A large shield used by bowmen.
Peascod A one-piece breastplate with a pronounced and low-riding belly section, cut high at the hips, usually with attached articulated tassets. Some examples have a central ridge.
Pectoral A breast defence of maille.
Peto (Spanish) see Breastplate.
Pfeifenharnisch (German) Embossed armour to imitate puffed silk or velvet, XVI cent.
Pieces of Advantage Reinforcing pieces for the joust.
Pied de chevre A crowbar.
Pike guard A ridge of metal set upright on the pauldrons, on the left side. Erroneously called pasguard.
Pizane (French) see Breastplate.
Placard A reinforcing breastplate.
Plackart A plate reinforcement attached to the breastplate, which at first only covered the lower half, but later - especially on Italian armours - covered nearly the entire breastplate.
Planishing A technique used typically after forming a piece of metal. The piece is struck from the good side with a lightsmooth-faced hammer while the piece is resting on a suitable form. The process ideally removes tooling marks and scratches.
Plastron The upper portion of the cuirass when it is formed of two pieces.
Plate Those types of armor consisting of one or more sections of metal fashioned into a protective covering
Plater The maker of armour plates as distinct from the armourer who made the plates into armour.
Poincon see Armourer's Mark.
Points Laces for securing the gussts of maille, and plates, to an undergarment.
Poitrel Breast armour for a horse.
Poldermitton A defence for the inner bend of the right arm, used in the joust.
Poleyn A cup shaped plate defense for the knee, usually equipped with a side wing of heart shape. see also Knee Cop.
Poleynes see Knee Cops.
Porte Panache (French) The plume holder on the helmet.
Pot A general term for a simple ordinary soldier's helmet, usually of Morion form.
Poulaine Sollerets with extremely pointed toes, XIV cent.
Pourpoint A padded and quilted garment of leather or linen.
Pourpointerie Quilted material with metal studs at the intersection of the quilting seams.
Proof Armour 'of proof' is made sufficiently thick or hard enough to resist a shot from a bow or musket.
Pryke Spur A spur with a single point and no rowel.
Puffed and Slashed Armour Embossing armour, often etched and gilt, resembling a style of dress popular in the early 16th Century, especially in Germany; where 'puffs' of coloured material were pulled through 'slashes' in the sleeves or body.
Puripoint A form fitting garment, sometimes padded to which armour is attached and suspended via laces.
Queue A projecting hook on the back piece of the cuirass to take the butt end of the lance when held in rest.
Quijotes (Spanish) see Cuisse.
Raising A technique by which metal can be formed into a myriad of shapes, using raising stakes and raising hammers. The desired shape determins the shape of the stake, and the hammers typically have convex faces. Unlike dishing, raising is done by hitting the metal on the outside.
Rennhut A deep, one piece sallet with a vision slit cut into it, sometimes equipped with a fluted brow reinforce and a roller on its lower front edge - specifically designed for the 'Joust of War'.
Renntartsche A large shield made of wood and leather reinforced with metal which covered the whole of the wearer's body and his bevor; it was attached to the breastplate by a central screw and to the bevor by a bolt and wingnut. - Designed specifically for the 'Joust of War'.
Rerebrace Plate armour for the upper arm.
Rest of Advantage Some piece of armour forbidden in the jousts of XVI cent. Possibly a type of lance rest.
Resta see Lance Rest.
Ringed maille Armour formed of flat rings sewn side by side on a tunic of leather or quilted linen. The existence of this armour is in doubt; there are no period examples.
Rivet A suit of armour; or the small nails that hold armour together.
Rondache see Buckler.
Rondel A circular plate of armour.
Rotela (Italian) A circular shield.
Ruckenstuck (German) Back plate of the cuirass.
Rustung (German) Armour.
Sabatons Shoes of laminated plate, usually pointed.
Sagetta A helmet.
Sallad A helmet with wide brim at the back, worn with or without visor and bevor.
Sallet A type of helmet popular in the XVth century
Scarsellone (Italian) see Tasset.
Scudo (Italian) A triangular shield.
Secreta A thin steel cap worn under a hat.
Sliding Rivet A rivet fixed on the upper plate, and moving in a slot on the lower plate.
Sollerets see Sabatons.
Spallacci (Italian) see Pauldrons.
Spaulder The dished plate for the top of the shoulder. Attached to 2 or 3 lames that protect the upper arm.
Staffa (Italian) Stirrup.
Standard of Maille A collar of maille.
Stechhelm (German) Heavy tilting helm.
Stechtarshe (German) A ribbed tilting shield.
Stirnstulp (German) The upper part of the visor of an armet.
Stithe see Anvil.
Subarmalis Padded garment worn under Roman armour, also known as thoracomachus
Sugarloaf A great helm with a top curved and pointed like a bascinet.
Surcoat A garment worn over armour, often decorated with heraldry or other symbols, and most often posessing some form of side seams.
Swadge block A large metal base, with different shaped and sized holes for stakes and swadges to be inserted as well as usually different curved, domed, angled and tapered depressions.
Swadge A metal forming tool usually made to be set into an anvil or swadge block.
Tabard A garment, similar to a surcoat save that in most cases, it had open sides.
Taces Laminated plates at the lower edge of the cuirass.
Tapul The vertical ridge in the center of some forms of breast plate.
Targe Small circular shield.
Tassets Plates usually lozenge shaped attached by strap and buckle to the taces to protect the upper and front surface of the thigh.
Tesa (Italian) The shade or brim of the burgonet.
Tonlet A type of armor resembling a plate skirt, as seen in the Henry VIII field armor.
Toyle A lance bucket fixed over the right cuisse to hold the lance when carried upright.
Tresses Plaited (braided) Laces or arming points.
Umbo The boss upon a shield.
Vambrace The plate defence for the forearm.
Vamplate A circular shield through which the lance was fixed above the grip.
Ventail The lower part of the visor when it is made in two parts. Also, a maille flap covering part of the face.
Vervelles The rivets which attach an aventail to a helm.
Visor The part of the helmet, movable or fixed, which protects the eyes.
Volet The round disc at the back of the armet.
Wambais (Dutch) see Gambeson.
Wapenrok (Dutch) see Jupon
Wappen Rock (German) A cloak decorated heraldically. also (Dutch) a jupon.
White Harness A modern term for an armour of plain, polished steel without a cloth or any other form of permanently attached covering.
Wisby Location of a famous battle (c. 1361). Due to a variety of reasons, a large amount of armour was recovered in the excavation, in particular, 25 versions of coats of plates.
Yushman An armour of plates overlapping vertically and connected by maile horizontally.
Zarukav (Russian) see Vambrace. Possibly a particular vambrace with no elbow protection -- just two plates of equal size enclosing the forearm.
Zertsalo (Russian for "mirror") 1) Discs worn at the solar plexus and center back (see Mirrors). 2) An armour of four plates (front, back, and two side plates) (see Chahar Ai Ne) 3) A Coat of Plates with external plates consisting of a central disk at front and back surrounded by rectangular and semi-rectangular plates.
Zischagge A type of Hungarian helm, XVII century
Zucchetto A type of burgonet, XVII cent.

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